政策动向

【政策动向】2019国防授权法案第1262条_南海问题

发布时间:2019年04月23日         来源:国际金融与经济研究中心CIFER         点击次数: 次         【打印
1262 中华人民共和国军事和武力行动报告
速读:
《法案》第1262条要求中国在南海开始任何重要的填海活动、过度的领土要求主张或军事化活动后,国防部长应立即与国务卿协调提交一份与中国在南海开展军事和武力行动的相关报告,并向公众公布。

以下为第1262条法令原文:
 
(a) 总体上-除了(d)小节规定的情况外,中华人民共和国在南海开始任何重要的填海活动、过度的领土要求主张或军事化活动后(包括任何重大军事部署或行动或基础设施建设),国防部长应立即与国务卿协调,向国会对应的委员会提交一份与中国在南海开展军事和武力行动的相关报告,并向公众公布。
(b) 向公众提供报告的内容-在(a)款中在开始进行重要填海活动、过度领土要求主张,或者军事化活动的每份报告中应该包括对应重要填海活动、过度领土要求主张,或者军事化活动开始时的简短叙述和一个或多个相对应的图像。
(c) 形式
  (1)提交国会-在(a)款下提交给对应的国会委员会的任何报告应以非保密形式提交,但可包括机密附件。
  (2)公众发布-如果(a)款下的报告向公众发布,该报告应以非保密形式发布。
(d) 豁免
  (1)面向公众的报告发布-如果部长认为以第(c)(2)款要求的形式向公众发布该小节下的此类活动的报告将对国家安全利益产生不利影响,国防部长可以豁免在(a)款中向公众发布中华人民共和国在南海开始的任何重要的填海活动、过度领土要求的主张或军事化活动的报告要求。
  (2)给国会的通知-如果如果部长根据第(1)段就某项活动的报告发出豁免,那么部长在发出该豁免后48小时内,应该向对应的国会委员会提交该豁免的书面通知和理由。
(e)对应的国防委员会定义-在本节中,“对应的国会委员会”一词是指-
  (1)国会国防委员会;以及
  (2)参议院外交关系委员会和众议院外交事务委员会。
 
 
SEC. 1262. REPORT ON MILITARY AND COERCIVE ACTIVITIES OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN SOUTH CHINA SEA.
 
(a) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subsection (d), immediately after the commencement of any significant reclamation, assertion of an excessive territorial claim, or militarization activity by the People’s Republic of China in the South China Sea, including
any significant military deployment or operation or infrastructure construction, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees, and release to the public, a report on the military and coercive activities of China in the South China Sea in connection with such activity.
(b) ELEMENTS OF REPORT TO PUBLIC.—Each report on the commencement of a significant reclamation, an assertion of an excessive territorial claim, or a militarization activity under subsection (a) shall include a short narrative on, and one or more corresponding images of, such commencement of a significant reclamation, assertion of an excessive territorial claim, or militarization activity.
(c) FORM.—
  (1) SUBMISSION TO CONGRESS.—Any report under subsection(a) that is submitted to the appropriate congressional committees shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
  (2) RELEASE TO PUBLIC.—If a report under subsection (a) is released to the public, such report shall be so released in unclassified form.
 (d) WAIVER.—
  (1) RELEASE OF REPORT TO PUBLIC.—The Secretary of Defense may waive the requirement in subsection (a) for the release to the public of a report on the commencement of any significant reclamation, an assertion of an excessive territorial claim, or a militarization activity by the People’s Republic of China in the South China Sea if the Secretary determines that the release to the public of a report on such activity under that subsection in the form required by subsection (c)(2) would have an adverse effect on the national security interests
of the United States.
  (2) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.—If the Secretary issues a waiver under paragraph (1) with respect to a report on an activity, not later than 48 hours after the Secretary issues such waiver, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees written notice of, and justification for, such waiver.
(e) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED.—In this section, the term ‘‘appropriate congressional committees’’ means—
  (1) the congressional defense committees; and
  (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

《国防授权法案2019》原文: 
http://cifer.pbcsf.tsinghua.edu.cn/uploadfile/2019/0422/20190422045924391.pdf