政策动向

【政策动向】2019国防授权法案第1258条_台湾问题

发布时间:2019年04月22日         来源:国际金融与经济研究中心CIFER         点击次数: 次         【打印
1258   国会在台湾问题上的意见
速读:
《法案》第1258条强调了“台湾关系法”及“六项保证”为美台关系的基石,并要求美国应强化与台湾的防卫及安全合作,支持台湾发展亟需的防卫军力,以维持充足的自我防卫能力。美国应强力支持台湾获得防御性武器,并着重发展不对称战力及水下作战能力等。美国应加强与台湾的交流:包括军事训练和军事演习;根据“台湾旅行法”进行高级官员互访与交流;人道主义援助和救灾合作;允许医疗船只访问台湾等。


以下为第1258条法令原文:

国会认为-  
(1)“与台湾关系法”(22 U.S.C.3301 et seq)和对台“六项保证”都是美台关系的基石;
(2) 美国应加强与台湾的防务与安全合作,以支持台湾维持其有能力的、有准备的、国防现代化的自卫能力;
(3)根据《台湾关系法》中特别强调的不对称战争和水下作战能力,美国应大力支持台湾通过对外军售、直接商业销售和工业合作获得防御性武器;
(4)美国应该通过确保及时评估和回应台湾国防物资和国防服务的要求来提高对台军售的可预测性;
(5)国防部长应该推动国防部关于加强台湾安全的交流政策,包括 –
   (A)与台湾进行实战演练和军事演习的机会; 以及
   (B)根据“台湾旅行法”(公法115-135),促进美台高级国防官员和一般官员之间的交流;
(6)美国和台湾应扩大在人道主义援助和救灾方面的合作; 以及
(7)作为年度“太平洋伙伴关系”特派团的一部分,国防部长应考虑支持美国医疗船只访问台湾,以改善灾害应对规划和准备,同时也加强美国与台湾的合作。
 
 
 
SEC. 1258. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON TAIWAN.
             
It is the sense of Congress that—
(1)the Taiwan Relations Act (22 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.) and the ‘‘Six Assurances’’ are both cornerstones of United States relations with Taiwan;
(2) the United States should strengthen defense and security cooperation with Taiwan to support the development of capable, ready, and modern defense forces necessary for Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
(3) the United States should strongly support the acquisition by Taiwan of defensive weapons through foreign military sales, direct commercial sales, and industrial cooperation, with a particular emphasis on asymmetric warfare and undersea warfare capabilities, consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act;
(4) the United States should improve the predictability of arms sales to Taiwan by ensuring timely review of and response to requests of Taiwan for defense articles and defense services;
(5) the Secretary of Defense should promote Department of Defense policies concerning exchanges that enhance the security of Taiwan, including—
    (A)opportunities for practical training and military exercises with Taiwan; and
    (B)exchanges between senior defense officials and general officers of the United States and Taiwan consistent with the Taiwan Travel Act (Public Law 115–135);
(6) the United States and Taiwan should expand cooperation in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief; and
(7) the Secretary of Defense should consider supporting the visit of a United States hospital ship to Taiwan as part of the annual ‘‘Pacific Partnership’’ mission in order to improve disaster response planning and preparedness as well as to strengthen cooperation between the United States and Taiwan.

《国防授权法案2019》原文: 
http://cifer.pbcsf.tsinghua.edu.cn/uploadfile/2019/0422/20190422045241618.pdf