政策动向

【政策动向】2019国防授权法案第1257条_台湾问题

发布时间:2019年04月22日         来源:国际金融与经济研究中心CIFER         点击次数: 次         【打印
1257  加强台湾战备
 
速读:
《法案》第1257条要求国防部长应与台湾相关部门协商,对台湾的军事力量特别是台湾的后备军力进行全面的评估并提出建议,以提高其在人事管理和部队发展、技术研发等领域的能力。

以下为第1257条法令原文:
(a)国防评估-
国防部长应与台湾相关部门协商,对台湾的军事力量特别是台湾的后备军力进行全面的评估。评估应当提出建议,以提高在以下领域台湾自我防卫能力的效率、有效性、准备度和适应力:
  1. 人事管理和部队发展,特别是后备军力。
  2. 招募,培训和军事计划。
  3. 指挥,控制,通信和情报。
  4. 技术研发。
  5. 国防物资采购和后勤。
  6. 战略规划和资源管理。
 
(b) 报告要求—
  (1)总体上-自本法案颁布之日起一年内,国防部长应与国务卿协商,向国会相关委员会提交一份报告,包括以下内容:
  1. 根据(a)小节进行评估的总结。
  2. 该项评估所产生的建议清单。
  3. 美国的计划,包括通过使用适当的安全合作机构,以便-
          (i)为此类清单中的相关建议创造有利条件;
          (ii)扩展美国武装部队与台湾军方的高级军事交流和联合训练; 以及
          (iii)支持美国对台湾的军售与其他军备转移,特别是发展不对称作战能力。
  (2)适当的安全合作机构——就第(1)(c)段所述计划而言,“适当的安全合作机构”一词是指-
  1. 《美国法典》第10篇第311节(关于国防人员的交流);
  2. 该项第332条(与国防机构建设有关);以及
  3. 该项第16章下的其他安全合作机构。
 (3)适当的国会委员会-
     在本小节中,“适当的国会委员会”一词是指-
  1. 国会国防委员会; 以及
  2. 参议院外交关系委员会和众议院外交事务委员会。
 

 
SEC. 1257. STRENGTHENING TAIWAN’S FORCE READINESS.
 
(a)DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.—The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with appropriate counterparts of Taiwan, conduct a comprehensive assessment of Taiwan’s military forces, particularly Taiwan’s reserves. The assessment shall provide recommendations to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, readiness, and resilience of Taiwan’s self-defense capability in the following areas:
       1.Personnel management and force development, particularly reserve forces.
       2.Recruitment, training, and military programs.
       3.Command, control, communications and intelligence.
       4.Technology research and development.
       5.Defense article procurement and logistics.
       6.Strategic planning and resource management.
 
(b) REPORT REQUIRED.—
  (1) IN GENERAL.—
Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report containing each of the following:
  1. summary of the assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a).
  2. A list of any recommendations resulting from such assessment.
  3. A plan for the United States, including by using appropriate security cooperation authorities, to—
          (i) facilitate any relevant recommendations from such list;
          (ii) expand senior military-to-military engagement and joint training by the United States Armed Forces with the military of Taiwan; and
          (iii) support United States foreign military sales and other equipment transfers to Taiwan, particularly for developing asymmetric warfare capabilities.
  (2) APPROPRIATE SECURITY COOPERATION AUTHORITIES.—
For purposes of the plan described in paragraph (1)(C), the term ‘‘appropriate security cooperation authorities’’ means—
     A.section 311 of title 10, United States Code (relating to exchange of defense personnel);
     B.section 332 such title (relating to defense institution building); and
     C.other security cooperation authorities under chapter 16 of such title.
 (3) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES.—
    In this subsection, the term ‘‘appropriate congressional committees’’ means—
     A.the congressional defense committees; and
     B.the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.

《国防授权法案2019》原文: 
    http://cifer.pbcsf.tsinghua.edu.cn/uploadfile/2019/0422/20190422045241618.pdf